Portugal - World Travel Award's Europe's Leading Destination 2019, 20118, 2017;
Lisbon - WTA's Europe's Leading City Break Destination 2019, 2013, 2010, 2009;
Algarve - WTA's Europe's Leading Beach Destination 2019, 2017, 2016, 2015, 2013, 2012;
Madeira - WTA's Europe's Leading Island Destination 2019, 2018, 2017, 2016, 2014, 2013;
Global Peace Index 2019, third safest country in the world;

Portugal - Europe's best diving destination!

Any doubts?

Diving in Portugal is fantastic diving in the Atlantic Ocean, and visiting a fantastic country:

- Winner for many and consecutive years of the most important travel and tourism awards;
- One of the safest countries in the world;
- A population that for centuries are used to go everywhere in the world, the probable reason why Portuguese hospitality is a global trademark.

So if you are thinking about a trip to Portugal, Azores or Madeira, this is what you need to know.

All about Portugal

With its mild climate, 3000 hours of sunshine per year and 850 kms of splendid beaches bathed by the Atlantic Ocean, Portugal is the perfect holiday destination all year round.

This is a country that has the oldest borders in Europe, with an exceptional range of different landscapes just a short distance away, lots of leisure activities and unique cultural heritage, where tradition and modernity blend together in perfect harmony. Its superb cuisine, fine wines and hospitable people make this a tourist paradise of the highest quality. 

Situated in the extreme south-west of Europe, just a few hours from any of the other European capitals, Portugal attracts visitors from all over the world. Come and discover the charms of this country too.

GEOGRAPHY
Portugal is situated at the south-west point of Europe and also includes the Madeira and Azores archipelagos in the Atlantic Ocean. Mainland Portugal occupies an area of 88,889 km2. It is 218 km wide and 561 km long. It has 832 km of Atlantic coast and a 1,215 km border with Spain.

The Azores are situated in the Atlantic Ocean between Europe and North America. They have an area of 2,355 km2 and consist of nine islands - São Miguel and Santa Maria in the Eastern Group, Terceira, Graciosa, São Jorge, Pico and Faial in the Central Group and Flores and Corvo in the Western Group. It takes about two hours to get from the Azores to mainland Portugal by plane.

The Madeira Archipelago has an area of 741 km2 and lies in the Atlantic Ocean about 500 km from the African coast and 1,000 km from the European continent (1½ hours flying time from Lisbon). It consists of the islands of Madeira and Porto Santo and the uninhabited Desertas and Selvagens islands, which are nature reserves.

Map of Portugal

Useful information

112 - EUROPEAN EMERGENCY NUMBER
112 is the single European emergency telephone number, available throughout the European Union, free of charge.
In the event of an emergency, 112 can be connected through fixed and mobile telephones. The call is free and will be answered immediately by the emergency centres.

COST OF LIVING, Food and drinks
An espresso coffee, normally referred to as a “bica”, costs €0,60 to €0,70 at the counter of a traditional café. A galão (cup of coffee with milk) may cost between €1 and €1,50 and a cup of tea between €1 and €1,50. A glass of natural orange juice costs around €2,50 and a beer or Coca-Cola costs between €1 and €1,50. A cheese or ham sandwich costs between €1,50 and €2,50 and a slice of toast or cake will be less than €2.
If you have a full meal it may be around €8 to €11 per person in a snack bar, between €13 and €20 in a restaurant and around €30 to €50 in a first-class restaurant or Fado house.

ELECTRICITY
The electric current in Portugal is 230/400 volts at a frequency of 50 hertz and sockets comply with European standards.
You will need a 230-volt transformer and an adaptor to use American-style flat-prong plugs.

ENTRY FORMALITIES
Citizens of the European Union, Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway and Switzerland need only an identity card to enter Portugal.
Citizens from countries not mentioned above need a visa to enter Portugal, which may be requested at the Portuguese Embassy or Consulate of their country for stays of up to 90 days.

CLIMATE
Mainland Portugal
The climate in Portugal varies considerably from one region to another and is influenced by the relief, latitude and proximity to the sea, which offers mild winters, especially in the Algarve.

In the Porto e Norte area and Beiras region, particularly inland, nearer Spain, the winters are colder, although the temperatures are still mild when compared to the rest of Europe. There is some snowfall. It occurs most in the Serra da Estrela mountains, where we find the highest point in mainland Portugal (1,991 m) and where it is sometimes possible to ski. 

The summers are hot and dry, especially in the inland areas (Trás-os-Montes in north-eastern Portugal and Alentejo). Temperatures are slightly lower in the coastal areas, because of the influence of the sea. 

There are often warm, sunny days in autumn. Nice weather at the beginning of November is often called "St. Martin’s Summer" as this saint’s day is on 11 November.

Azores
The climate in the Azores is influenced by the islands’ latitude and by the Gulf Stream, and temperatures are mild there all year round. The same factors also influence the sea temperature, which is very pleasant both in winter and summer and ideal for nautical sports all year round.

Madeira
The subtropical characteristics of the weather in the Madeira Archipelago can be explained by its geographical position and mountainous relief. The climate in Madeira is exceptionally mild, with average temperatures varying between 24 ºC in summer and 19 ºC in winter.
The sea temperature is also very pleasant all year round, thanks to the influence of the warm Gulf Stream. It varies between 18 ºC in winter and 22 ºC in summer.

POPULATION
Portugal has a population of about 10 million. 
The population density is at its greatest in Lisbon, the capital and its suburbs, where about 1.9 million people live. The second largest city in Portugal is Oporto in the north. 
Generally speaking, there are more people living in the country’s coastal regions than in the inland areas.

RELIGION
The majority of Portuguese are Catholics, but the Portuguese Constitution guarantees religious freedom and there are a number of different religions in Portugal.

LANGUAGE
From a Latin root, Portuguese is spoken by about 250 million people in every continent, and is the 5th most spoken language in the world and the 3rd, if we only consider the European languages.

The Portuguese-speaking countries are scattered all over the world. Portuguese is spoken in Africa (Angola, Cape Verde, Guinea-Bissau, Mozambique and São Tomé e Príncipe), in South America (Brazil) and in Asia, (East Timor, the youngest nation in the world), and it is also the official language in Macao Special Administrative Region of China.

In Portugal there are lots of people who are able to communicate in English, French and Spanish.

Source: Portuguese Tourism Board www.visitportugal.com

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